How AFFF Victims Can Pursue Compensation for Health Complications

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Aqueous film-forming foam (AFFF) lawsuits are shedding light on the devastating health consequences of exposure to per- and polyfluoroalkyl substances (PFAS) in firefighting foam. Victims of AFFF contamination, including firefighters, military personnel, and residents near affected areas, often face significant health complications. This includes problems such as cancer and immune system damage. 

Pursuing compensation for these health issues is crucial for victims seeking justice and support. Here, we explore five avenues through which AFFF victims can seek compensation for their health complications.

Filing Individual Lawsuits

Individual lawsuits offer AFFF victims the opportunity to pursue compensation tailored to their specific circumstances. By filing suit against foam manufacturers, victims can seek accountability for the known health risks associated with PFAS exposure. York Dispatch notes that manufacturers such as 3M, DuPont, and Kidde-Fenwal are some big players that have been dragged into the AFFF litigation.

According to TruLaw, these lawsuits often cite evidence from research showing the link between AFFF exposure and increased cancer risk. They also highlight the manufacturers’ alleged failure to warn users adequately about the risks of AFFF. With thousands of pending lawsuits in multidistrict litigation (MDL) and individual state courts, victims have legal precedent and momentum on their side.

Seeking Settlements

For AFFF victims seeking expedited resolution and financial compensation, settlements offer a potential path forward. In June 2023, Bloomberg reported that 3M proposed a $10 billion settlement to address claims related to AFFF contamination, though the offer remains tentative. 

Settlement negotiations allow victims to negotiate compensation packages covering medical expenses, lost wages, and other damages without enduring the prolonged litigation process. While specific AFFF lawsuit settlement amounts may vary depending on individual circumstances, victims should evaluate settlement offers carefully with the guidance of experienced attorneys.

Advocating for Legislative Action

Beyond legal avenues, AFFF victims can advocate for legislative measures to address PFAS contamination and support affected communities. With mounting evidence of the health risks posed by AFFF exposure, victims can engage with policymakers and advocacy groups to push for stricter regulations. 

Legislative efforts, such as funding for healthcare assistance and environmental remediation, can complement legal remedies by addressing systemic issues and preventing future harm. AFFF victims’ advocacy can drive meaningful change, promote accountability, and ensure justice for those impacted by PFAS contamination.

Participating in Multidistrict Litigation (MDL)

Multidistrict litigation (MDL) presents AFFF victims with an efficient and collaborative legal framework to pursue compensation. Currently, LezDo TechMed notes that there are over 8,000 pending lawsuits consolidated in MDL in the U.S. District Court of South Carolina. 

This allows victims to benefit from streamlined pretrial proceedings and collective legal strategies. MDL allows victims to present evidence of AFFF exposure and resulting health complications while retaining their individual claims. By joining MDL cases, victims gain access to experienced attorneys and resources that can strengthen their pursuit of justice against AFFF manufacturers.

Engaging in Class Action Lawsuits

Participating in class action lawsuits provides AFFF victims with the opportunity to join forces with others similarly affected by PFAS contamination. These lawsuits, like the one against Johnson Controls in January 2021, allow victims to collectively pursue compensation for their injuries. 

By consolidating claims and resources, class actions streamline litigation and ensure consistent outcomes for plaintiffs across different jurisdictions. Victims can amplify their voices and hold manufacturers accountable for the widespread harm caused by AFFF exposure through class action participation.


Who manufactures AFFF?

AFFF, or aqueous film-forming foam, is manufactured by various companies including 3M, Chemours, DuPont, and other chemical and firefighting equipment manufacturers. These companies produce AFFF for use in combating fires involving flammable liquids.

How much is the AFFF exposure payout?

AFFF exposure payouts vary depending on factors such as the extent of harm suffered, settlement terms, and individual case circumstances. Recent settlements, like 3M’s proposed $10 billion deal in June 2023, indicate significant compensation amounts for affected parties.

What is the difference between foam and AFFF?

Foam is a generic term for fire suppression agents, while AFFF is a specific type of foam designed for combating fires involving flammable liquids. AFFF forms a thin film on the liquid surface to suppress combustion effectively.


AFFF victims now have tangible avenues to pursue compensation and accountability for the health complications stemming from PFAS exposure. From individual lawsuits to legislative advocacy and participation in multidistrict litigation, diverse strategies offer hope for resolution and systemic change. 

Settlement negotiations and class action lawsuits further amplify victims’ voices and strengthen their pursuit of justice. With momentum building in legislative arenas, the path forward promises not only financial restitution but also crucial recognition and support for those affected. Through collective action and legal recourse, AFFF victims are poised to navigate towards resolution and broader societal impact.


Dusty is the owner and editor of As Mom Sees It, a product review and family matters blog. She is the mother of two in Ohio and has partnered with companies like Nike, Verizon, Kingston Technology. You can find her on Twitter at @AsMomSeesIt.